Good question, one that I recently answered through semi-intentional negligence. Here’s what happened: In 2008, I bought a Troy-Bilt lawnmower with a Honda engine. After a few years, I realized I hadn’t changed the oil. But, by then, electric mowers were getting cheap, and I really wanted an electric mower. I figured I’d just let the Troy-Bilt go until it blew up. Which it refused to do. I kept mowing my lawn, season after season, the little Honda purring away, until I eventually started feeling bad for the thing. I decided that if I pulled the trigger on an electric mower, I could at least give my Troy-Bilt to someone who would use it. I warmed it up, tilted it over, and drained the oil, saving a few ounces to send to Blackstone Laboratories, an oil-testing company in Fort Wayne, Indiana. A basic analysis costs $28.
I was particularly interested in the TBN (total base number). Oils contain bases to prevent acidification, so the TBN shows how much additive is left to keep it healthy. A TBN of less than one is considered bad. My oil’s TBN? Five. Hooray! The sample was also spot-on for average values of zinc and calcium, but a little high on sodium. Silicon was way high, about four times normal. Flashpoint was a little low, at 360 degrees Fahrenheit.
What does all this mean? Blackstone wrote it out on my oil’s report card: “Universal averages show typical wear for similar Honda engines with about 65 hours on the oil. This oil was in use for ten years, and may even be the factory fill. If so, some of the excess metal is from initial break-in and silicon could be sealer material from assembly. Silicon can also show abrasive dirt contamination, which causes poor internal wear. There’s also some fuel and moisture in the oil. The TBN is okay at 5.0, so the oil actually has additive left in reserve. Make sure the air filter is in good condition.” It still had additive, and the biggest contaminant, silicon, is probably from the initial break-in. The oil was dirty, but leaving it there for ten years didn’t really hurt anything. So, should you wait ten years between oil changes? No. But don’t worry if you miss the date on the Jiffy Lube sticker.
A $30 analysis will tell you how long your car can really go between oil changes. Knowing to skip even one unnecessary trip to the shop makes it worth it.
You could pull just enough for a sample, but the results might over-represent the dirt lurking around the drain.
This cooks off any fuel and gets the oil flowing. Have a clean container ready. I used an empty water bottle—dry, of course.
Auto Seal Ring
In Blackstone’s case, you wrap the sample jar in absorbent material, zip that in a plastic bag, then put that in a larger plastic container, which you also seal. That one has a prepaid USPS sticker on it, so off it goes—maybe. Oil is not a hazardous material, but some post offices might give you guff about sending it. Refer them to USPS Publication 52, “Hazardous, restricted and perishable mail.” Or just put your sample in a box.
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